Emile Durkheim’s Concepts of Justice and Freedom

Reza Barmaki


The relationship between justice and freedom has remained inadequately explored in the literature on Durkheim. The existing literature has either discussed Durkheim’s concept of justice in the narrow contexts of the division of labor, relation to human talents, and relation to Durkheim’s Jewish background. In this paper, Durkheim’s concept of justice is reexamined in terms of its relation to his concepts of freedom. It is argued that for Durkheim justice is the condition of possibility of freedom under advanced division of labor. The state plays an instrumental role in this relationship by allocating rights and powers to individuals and by protecting equitable social relations through regulation

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International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory | ISSN : 1916-2782